Mark, Jewish New Testament and comment David H. Stern
1. As soon as it was morning, the head cohanim held a council meeting with the elders, the Torah-teachers and the whole Sanhedrin. Then they put Yeshua in chains, led him away and handed him over to Pilate.
Pilate. See Mt 27:2N.
2. Pilate put this question to him: “Are you the King of the Jews?” He answered him, “The words are yours.”
The words are yours. See 14:61-62N.
3. The head cohanim too made accusations against him,
4. and Pilate again inquired of him, “Aren’t you going to answer? Look how many charges they are making against you!”
5. But Yeshua made no further response, to Pilate’s amazement.
On Yeshua's silence before the accusations of the head cohanim see Mt 26:63N.
6. Now during a festival, Pilate used to set free one prisoner, whomever the crowd requested.
7. There was in prison among the rebels who had committed murder during the insurrection a man called Bar-Abba.
8. When the crowd came up and began asking Pilate to do for them what he usually did,
9. he asked them, “Do you want me to set free for you the ‘King of the Jews’?”
10. For it was evident to him that it was out of jealousy that the head cohanim had handed him over.
11. But the head cohanim stirred up the crowd to have him release Bar-Abba for them instead.
12. Pilate again said to them, “Then what should I do with the man you call the King of the Jews?”
13. They shouted back, “Put him to death on the stake!”
Put him to death on the stake! Greek Stavrdson avion is usually translated, "Crucify him!" See Mt 10:38&N.
14. He asked, “Why? What crime has he committed?” But they only shouted louder, “Put him to death on the stake!”
15. So Pilate, wishing to satisfy the mob, set Bar-Abba free for them; but he had Yeshua whipped and then handed him over to be executed on the stake.
16. The soldiers led him away inside the palace (that is, the headquarters building) and called together the whole battalion.
17. They dressed him in purple and wove thorn branches into a crown, which they put on him.
18. Then they began to salute him, “Hail to the King of the Jews!”
19. They hit him on the head with a stick, spat on him and kneeled in mock worship of him.
20. When they had finished ridiculing him, they took off the purple robe, put his own clothes back on him and led him away to be nailed to the execution-stake.
21. A certain man from Cyrene, Shim‘on, the father of Alexander and Rufus, was passing by on his way in from the country; and they forced him to carry the stake.
22. They brought Yeshua to a place called Gulgolta (which means “place of a skull”),
23. and they gave him wine spiced with myrrh, but he didn’t take it.
24. Then they nailed him to the execution-stake; and they divided his clothes among themselves, throwing dice to determine what each man should get.
25. It was nine in the morning when they nailed him to the stake.
26. Over his head, the written notice of the charge against him read, THE KING OF THE JEWS
27. On execution-stakes with him they placed two robbers, one on his right and one on his left.
Some manuscripts include verse 15:28: And the passage from the Tanakh was fulfilled which says, “He was counted with transgressors.” (Isaiah 53:12)
29. People passing by hurled insults at him, shaking their heads and saying, “Aha! So you can destroy the Temple, can you, and rebuild it in three days?
30. Save yourself and come down from the stake!”
31. Likewise, the head cohanim and the Torah-teachers made fun of him, saying to each other, “He saved others, but he can’t save himself!”
32. and, “So he’s the Messiah, is he? The King of Isra’el? Let him come down now from the stake! If we see that, then we’ll believe him!” Even the men nailed up with him insulted him.
33. At noon, darkness covered the whole Land until three o’clock in the afternoon.
34. At three, he uttered a loud cry, "Elohi! Elohi! L’mah sh’vaktani?" (which means, "My God! My God! Why have you deserted me?"). (Psalm 22:2(1))
See Mt 27:46N.
35. On hearing this, some of the bystanders said, “Look! He’s calling for Eliyahu!”
36. One ran and soaked a sponge in vinegar put it on a stick and gave it to him to drink. (Psalm 69:22(21)) “Wait!” he said, “Let’s see if Eliyahu will come and take him down.”
37. But Yeshua let out a loud cry and gave up his spirit.
Gave up his spirit. Or: "breathed his last"; likewise in v. 39.
38. And the parokhet in the Temple was torn in two from top to bottom.
See Mt 27:51N.
39. When the Roman officer who stood facing him saw the way he gave up his spirit, he said, “This man really was a son of God!”
40. There were women looking on from a distance; among them were Miryam from Magdala, Miryam the mother of the younger Ya‘akov and of Yosi, and Shlomit.
Miryam from Magdala. See Lk 8:2N.
41. These women had followed him and helped him when he was in the Galil. And many other women were there who had come up with him to Yerushalayim.
42. Since it was Preparation Day (that is, the day before a Shabbat), as evening approached,
Preparation Day. Mark explains to non-Jewish readers that it means the day before a Shabbat. See Yn 19:31N.
43. Yosef of Ramatayim, a prominent member of the Sanhedrin who himself was also looking forward to the Kingdom of God, went boldly to Pilate and asked for Yeshua’s body.
Yosef of Ramatayim. See Mt 27:57&N.
44. Pilate was surprised to hear that he was already dead, so he summoned the officer and asked him if he had been dead awhile.
45. After he had gotten confirmation from the officer that Yeshua was dead, he granted Yosef the corpse.
A stone, large and flat.
46. Yosef purchased a linen sheet; and after taking Yeshua down, he wrapped him in the linen sheet, laid him in a tomb which had been cut out of the rock, and rolled a stone against the entrance to the tomb.
47. Miryam of Magdala and Miryam the mother of Yosi saw where he had been laid.
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- chapter 14
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